Saturday, August 22, 2020
Question: Examine about the Experiences of Audit Committee Members. Answer: Presentation: This is a contextual analysis, which depicts the issues in the association named D.H.P. stores. D.H.P. stores are a retailer of shopper merchandise in the market and have numerous outlets across Canada. The focal point of the association is one the house product and equipment. The serious opponents for the association are Home Hardware and Canadian Tire. Lisa, the Vice President of the promoting office and have choose to dispatch Mastercards so that hold the current buyers and addition more buyers in the market. This would encourage in the development of the business and increment the measure of deals in every one of the stores (Dengue, 2017). The fundamental issue is that Ray Patton had gone to the stores and gotten rowdy with the individuals in the association. This included made pressure inside the senior supervisors and the advertising group. This has caused the Vice President of activities division to be irate and a clarification is required to cause him to comprehend what the principle issue is (Rudani, 2013). The adversary organizations in the business all have their own arrangements of charge cards so the association should execute this system on the off chance that they need to rival different organizations in the market. The other issue was that there was need the limited time materials in the greater part of the stores and the activities were hesitant in selling the items. Lisa had gone to five to six store and have discovered that there were need the special materials in the market. This arrangement was the method of picking up reliability of the buyers in the market. Notwithstanding, following ten days from the dispatch of the limited time action it is seen that a large number of the stores had minimal special material for show (Wisner, Tan Leong, 2014). Lisa felt that the shoppers can be gained chiefly at the store level so it was significant that the special materials would have shown and the tasks office would need to put forth some attempt so the charge cards could be offered to the current buyers and the new buyers. At the point when the recommendation was made, it was concluded that account will deal with all the parts of organization, credit and assortment. The showcasing should deal with t he starting of the card everywhere throughout the country and other special exercises to help the improvement of the item crusade. The activities should deal with the deals of the item. Notwithstanding, it has been seen that the tasks office are not adhering to the directions that had been chosen in the gathering. The leader of the tasks concluded that selling of the item is the division of the activities as this an item which will help in expanding the steadfastness of the shoppers (Stark, 2015). Despite the fact that the tasks office stepped up to the plate and sell the item notwithstanding, it is seen that they are hesitant about the selling of the item. Most of the stores are not utilizing the special materials and the senior supervisors are not pushing the representatives to put forth an attempt sell the charge cards. Along these lines, on the off chance that the tasks are not accomplishing their work appropriately, at that point the promoting effort will fall flat and the capital that have been spent on this crusade will be squandered and the association will be not able to execute the technique that has just been applied by the market contenders (Cohen, Krishnamoorthy Wright, 2017). This can be cause for the destruction of the association and it will be intense for the association to keep up their maintainability in the market. Subsequently, these are the issues and the issues that the association is right now confronting. It is suggested that the advertising group report all the occurrences to the higher ups in the association. This will incorporate the distinctive depiction of an inappropriate doings of the activity division with proof so it very well may be demonstrated. Also, the activities against the head supervisors should be taken so they could step up and sell the item with significantly more energy. Be that as it may, the promoting group should revaluate the division of the work and should step up of selling the item as it is one of the significant techniques which will give the association upper hand. The primary issue with the system was that other special battles were getting greater need then the crusade for the charge card. Accordingly, Lisa should require a gathering to fix the needs with the goal that the crusade for the charge card is given the most extreme need (Goetsch Davis, 2014). This special battle was the possibility of the advertising group of the organization so the activity should be taken by them. Lisa should call the president to furnish him with the detail report on the advancement of the battle. She should feature the way that the organizations will flop pitiably on the off chance that they don't do anything. This is a result of the way that Adam is the leader of the tasks office thus it must be under his guidance that the needs of the battles have been changed. Options and choices Lisa should take the authorization of the president to set up a gathering with the activities group so the special crusade can be brought in the groove again. There are two arrangements that they can think of, first is to persuade the activity group to change their needs and keep this crusade as their most extreme need. Nonetheless, the drawback of this option is that it will be hard to persuade the activities group to change their needs. Besides, the procedure is tedious so it will require some investment to sift through this issue. The other arrangement is that as it the activity of the showcasing group, the advertising group will responsible for selling of the items through unique delegates in every one of the stores (Anderson et al., 2015). In addition, there ought to be a manager to screen the every day deals and the achievement of the arrangement so the report it back to the leader of the competition. Along these lines, the choices in the gathering should be passed on to all th e stores with the goal that the new methodologies can be actualized at the earliest opportunity. The inconvenience of this option is that the expense of the promoting group will increment and they should utilize abundance assets. Besides, the activity group isn't helping out the advertising group so it will be hard to sell the items with the help from the operational group. Reference Anderson, D. R., Sweeney, D. J., Williams, T. A., Camm, J. D., Cochran, J. J. (2015).An prologue to the executives science: quantitative ways to deal with dynamic. Cengage learning. Cohen, J., Krishnamoorthy, G., Wright, A. (2017). Endeavor hazard the board and the monetary revealing procedure: The encounters of review advisory group individuals, CFOs, and outer auditors.Contemporary Accounting Research,34(2), 1178-1209. Dengue, C. (2017). Standards of Management.Evidence-Based Critical Care: A Case Study Approach, 513. Goetsch, D. L., Davis, S. B. (2014).Quality administration for hierarchical greatness. Upper Saddle River, NJ: pearson. Rudani, R. B. (2013).Principles of the executives. Goodbye McGraw-Hill Education. Unmistakable, J. (2015). Item lifecycle the board. InProduct Lifecycle Management (Volume 1)(pp. 1-29). Springer International Publishing. Wisner, J. D., Tan, K. C., Leong, G. K. (2014).Principles of flexibly chain the board: A fair methodology. Cengage Learning.
Friday, August 21, 2020
Humanism and Its Aim Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Sociology is the logical investigation of society and human conduct. This is the most essential meaning of human science that one would discover. Getting a little more top to bottom, it is the investigation of people in gatherings and how they communicate with each other. A researcher in this field, a humanist, would take a gander at these bunches by methods for the sociological point of view. This includes taking a gander at a certain conduct like you have never seen it. Whenever done accurately the humanist ought to have the option to increase another degree of comprehension of the conduct or then again social reality. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The term gathering could allude to a great deal of things to the extent gatherings of individuals. It could be two individuals yet with the end goal of human science it ought to be significantly more. There are segment factors utilized when characterizing the gathering. These are things for example, race, religion, sex, social class, etc. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã When a humanist investigations conduct the most significant viewpoint they see is the communication of individuals both inside the gathering and with individuals that fit into different gatherings. This activity can be what the people verbally state to one another or essentially their nonverbal messages. There are many hand signs, both great and awful, that individuals trade just as outward appearances in response to an occasion or explanation. Since I have a portion of the terms depicted lets take a gander at a model. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã I abhor attorneys. This is an individual...
Saturday, June 6, 2020
Frankensteins women are, as a rule, extremely passive. Their role is generally only to further the plot and be an accessory to the male leads, which from a modern perspective immediately gives the novel a sexist undertone. Safies only real importance is as a vessel for the English lessons that the monster learns from; Justine is framed for a male characters crimes; Elizabeth waits for Victor until her eventual murder. Even Margaret, who the letters telling the story were addressed to, exists only to be told the events that Victor has lived through, not to really play a role in them herself. Put together, these facts paint a rather ugly picture. If Frankenstein had been written by a man, perhaps we could argue that the lack of central female characters was due to ingrained sexism and an inability to really consider women as important. However, Mary Shelley was most definitely a woman, and that forces us to take a deeper look. Although there is a lack of prominent female characters, the emphasis on the mistakes and hubris of the male characters hints more feminist interpretations. The adherence to conventional gender roles and the general sidelining of female characters, instead of being sexist, serves to call attention to the negative qualities of the male characters, illustrate the reliance that men had on women, and highlight real issues that women of the time faced. While Shelley did not include any major female characters, that isnt necessarily such a bad thing in this particular story. Frankenstein places a heavy focus on the mistakes of men, and certainly doesnt paint many important male characters in a positive light. Victors hubris, pursuit of glory, and lack of consideration for moral boundaries are among the primary themes in the novel. This places him as a stark opposite to the women in his life. The author doesnt give female characters much attention, but were left with a better impression of them than of most of the male characters. In fact, all of the female characters seem to embody high moral standards. The selfless, patience, and kindness that these characters live by are important characteristics of the ideal Victorian woman, and all of the female characters have warm, tender dispositions that make them wonderful caregivers. Elizabeth in particular is said to continually [endeavor] to contribute to the happiness of others, entirely forgetful of herself (73). Although she is relegated to the background and eventually killed, she is an excellent example of the traditional role of women as maternal, guiding figures. It could be argued that the dichotomy between the prominent but relatively immoral men and the virtuous but little-noticed women is meant to call attention to how much society really needed its women, who would happily work in the background to keep things running smoothly. A further point towards the necessity of women is, however odd it is to say from a modern perspective, the idea of a man truly needing a woman in his life. When the male characters did not have a female presence in their lives, things tended to go wrong. When CarolineÃ¢â¬ the primary female influence in Victors lifeÃ¢â¬ died, Elizabeth was the only one who could comfort him; the lonely monster, who had no one to love him, cried in misery thatno Eve soothed [his] sorrows, or shared [his] thoughts (145). Both of these characters see women as embodying comfort, acceptance, and fulfillment. Frankensteins monster feels that he is somehow incomplete because he lacks a female influence. The most blatant feminist sentiment in Frankenstein comes into play when Victor chooses not to create a wife for the monster. Victors entire motivation for refusing to create a female monster is fearÃ¢â¬ fear of a woman who would be self-assured and have a mind of her own; a woman could not be controlled, perhaps even by the first monster. Would she be headstrong and stubborn, rather than modest and selfless like a proper woman? More importantly, if she were murderous, could they stop her from destroying everything in her path? If she were licentious, would a race of devilsbe propagated upon the earth (119)? Victor was finally forced to acknowledge that the creatures he created could have thoughts and needs and personalities, and he didnt like the implications of that. A powerful, sexual woman is far from the norm in Victorian society, and Victors horror at the idea comes across as less due to a moral rejection and more a reflection of what he sees as a perversion of femininity. In his eyes, women are to be submissive, docile, passiveÃ¢â¬ exactly the opposite of what a second monster could turn out to be, and exactly what most of the women in his life have been. This is one of the few times when Shelley is so blatant in her feminism, and is probably the best argument for a feminist interpretation of Frankenstein. Perhaps the female characters seem sidelined simply because this isnt their story. Unlike in modern times, Victorian men and women were said to occupy separate spheres, only rarely meeting and interacting; perhaps it simply seemed natural to Shelley and to readers at the time that a story about men would include relatively little interaction with women, just as a story about women would have few prominent male characters. Frankensteins portrayal of women is largely up to interpretation, but I believe that Shelleys agenda was primarily to illustrate the importance of traditional female roles and highlight the problems in the male view of those same roles. Many feminist texts emphasize the importance of breaking free from what women were supposed to do; however, I think that Shelley was making a different point by reminding us that those roles arent inherently bad, and that they are actually necessary to a functional society. People with the willingness to forsake the spotlight and support others are crucial to keeping a home, community, or country running, and Shelleys women, while not the most prominent or plot-relevant of characters, are an excellent example of those more traditional ideals.
Sunday, May 17, 2020
Research by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) indicates that women often experience new or different physical symptoms as long as a month or more before experiencing heart attacks. Among the 515 women studied, 95% said they knew their symptoms were new or different a month or more before experiencing their heart attack, or Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI). The symptoms most commonly reported were unusual fatigue (70.6%), sleep disturbance (47.8%), and shortness of breath (42.1%). Many women never had chest pains Surprisingly, fewer than 30% reported having chest pain or discomfort prior to their heart attacks, and 43% reported have no chest pain during any phase of the attack. Most doctors, however, continue to consider chest pain as the most important heart attack symptom in both women and men. The 2003 NIH study, titled Womens Early Warning Symptoms of AMI, is one of the first to investigate womens experience with heart attacks, and how this experience differs from mens. Recognition of symptoms that provide an early indication of heart attack, either imminently or in the near future, is critical to forestalling or preventing the disease. In a NIH press release, Jean McSweeney, PhD, RN, Principal Investigator of the study at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences in Little Rock, said, Symptoms such as indigestion, sleep disturbances, or weakness in the arms, which many of us experience on a daily basis, were recognized by many women in the study as warning signals for AMI. Because there was considerable variability in the frequency and severity of symptoms, she added, we need to know at what point these symptoms help us predict a cardiac event. Womens symptoms not as predictable According to Patricia A.Grady, PhD, RN, Director of the NINR: Increasingly, it is evident that womens symptoms are not as predictable as mens. This study offers hope that both women and clinicians will realize the wide range of symptoms that can indicate heart attack. It is important not to miss the earliest possible opportunity to prevent or ease AMI, which is the number one cause of death in both women and men. The womens major symptoms prior to their heart attack included: Unusual fatigue - 70%Sleep disturbance - 48%Shortness of breath - 42%Indigestion - 39%Anxiety - 35% Major symptoms during the heart attack include: Shortness of breath - 58%Weakness - 55%Unusual fatigue - 43%Cold sweat - 39%Dizziness - 39% Related NIH research into heart attacks in women includes possible ethnic and racial differences.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Othello as a Black Man in a White Society Shakespeares play,Othello, explores themes of love and passion, otherness, jealousy, revenge and order vs. Chaos, which all revolve mainly around the protagonist, Othello. Surrounded by Venetians within a white society, Othello begins to realise his otherness thus his insecurities as an outside and a Moor increase. The deceptive Iago uses these dangerous blemishes in Othellos personality to manipulate the moral Othello, using his one fatal flaw, jealousy. During the 16th Century, the Elizabethan audiences attentiveness and familiarity of the thin line between order and chaos would have added to the tragic story of Othello. This was due to theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦What he meant by this is that Othello is a foreigner to all, because of his blackness he can never fit in. However, this is ironic as the people of Venice accepted Othello as a righteous and valiant general in the army, due to his brave act of protecting the Venetians from the evil grasp of the Turkish people. Interestingly enough, these Venetians dont compare Othello to the supposedly iniquitous Turks because he had defeated them, so they placed him higher up in the hierarchy of racial and social class. Iago expresses his own opinion that Othello is an erring barbarian which is very ironic as Othello has the status of a shielding warrior, a generous being that is a strong part of the army. Roderigo calls him the lascivious Moor and tends to see Othellos black colour as a sign of dirtiness and obscenity. The characters in Othello may possible have felt that Othello was a threat due to his otherness in his appearance, such as his thick lips. Othellos character is overtly and crudely sexualised, which is also a disadvantage to Othello as other characters begin to believe that he is aggressive and sadistic. Black people, during the time of Shakespeare, were mysterious to the white society. Venetians were not used to seeing and living with people of other races and feared them because they were not familiar withShow MoreRelatedOthello, By William Shakespeare1709 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages A society consists of diverse cultures, looks, values, and beliefs. In a world with one predominant culture, those perceived as different from the norm are associated with negative images and treated inferior to the superior culture. The negative images associated with color, specifically blackness, has a detrimental effect on the victims who are racially stereotyped. The character Othello is a unique character in English literature, because unlike the other members of society, Othello is an outsiderRead MoreOthello, By William Shakespeare9 41 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBlack Racism and the publicÃ¢â¬â¢s reliance on stereotypes to judge individuals of a different decent can be traced throughout literature. The ElizabethanÃ¢â¬â¢s are no exception, and as their view of the word grew so did the permeation of racism and xenophobia in their society. Theater in Elizabethan England was full of stereotypical black characters that further perpetuated societyÃ¢â¬â¢s racist tendencies. One play that challenged these stereotypes was Williams ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s play Othello which depicts theRead MoreOthello Discrimination Essay1020 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Othello: Downfall by Discrimination When Shakespeare wrote Othello, black people were seen as inferior to white people. The play takes place in Venice in the 1500Ã¢â¬â¢s, a progressive city growing rapidly with new ideas and cultures. Not all introductions were welcomed, however. The Arab culture, known as the Moors, was seen as Ã¢â¬Å"brute, cowardly, lustful, savage, and diabolicalÃ¢â¬ (Toker 1). They were stereotyped as inferior based on skin color, religious beliefs, and attitudes. To Venetians, the appearanceRead MoreEssay about Racism in Othello862 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesRacism is inextricably linked to the story of Othello and presents several universal themes, still prominent in modern society. It is this that questions what sort of message Shakespeare intended to convey to his audience; was Othello the black Ã¢â¬ËmoorÃ¢â¬â¢, portrayed as a tragic hero? Or did his character eventually come to resemble the prejudices of which he was a victim? A text rich with ethical debate, Othello is a story of black a nd white, culture, fate, and ultimately good versus bad. Racial Ã¢â¬ËothernessÃ¢â¬â¢Read MoreOthello, By William Shakespeare1515 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Othello is seemingly about the blooming affection between a man and a woman. However, it is a love story gone wrongÃ¢â¬âor is portrayed as so by the author. In the historical context of Othello, which is set during the Turkish-Venetian war in the 16th century, it is essential to emphasize that Othello is the love story between Othello, the Moorish general, and Desdemona, the Venetian lady. This racial difference is most problematic to the eyes of the white Venetian society, allowing charactersRead MoreExploring How the Symbolism and Imagery of Blackness Help Shakespeare to Create Meaning in Othello795 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesShakespeare to Create Meaning in Othello Shakespeare uses various symbol of blackness to express negative and racist attitudes. He does this to meet the expectations of the Elizabethan audience, who held certain misconceptions about black people. Shakespeare uses this early in the play and involves characters such as Brabantio, Iago and Roderigo, this also assist in the construction of imagery. These racist remarks are directed towards Othello and the majority of the racistRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Othello And Racial Interactions With The Ones From New York City962 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe book Othello show similarities to racial interactions with the ones from New York City. However, looking closer at the play, Ã¢â¬Å"OthelloÃ¢â¬ , seem to show us many interesting aspects of cultural differences. It seems that not only, racial and cultural differences were unconventional, but also Ã¢â¬Å"unnaturalÃ¢â¬ . As an illustration, within first act of Ã¢â¬Å"OthelloÃ¢â¬ , Roderigo and Iago encounter Brabanito and make many _not nice__ remarks towards the relationship between BrabanitoÃ¢â¬â¢s daughter and Othello. Iago saysRead MoreKahron Fyffe. . World Literature . . Dr. Fiore. . 28 April1036 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesLiterature Dr. Fiore 28 April 2017 Othello: Hero or Stranger Othello is a hero due to being a hardened and vicious warrior on the battlefield but he is also a tragic hero in this play. A tragic hero by definition is a literary character who makes a judgment error that inevitably leads to his/her own destruction. For example Othello is the husband of Desdemona whom he murders because he has been misled by the villainous IagoRead MoreOthello - A Play That Transcends Time Essay941 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesworld of ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Othello. It is through my exploration of these perspectives and their relationship with changing morals and values that has enriched my understanding of the play. One such reading of the play challenges the marginalisation and objectification of woman in a patriarchal Venetian society, while taking into account the changing role of women in modern society. Another interpretation of Othello examines its post colonial elements through the protagonist Othello, and his insecuritiesRead MoreOthello, By William Shake speare1140 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"OthelloÃ¢â¬ is a play written by William Shakespeare in 1603. In this play, Shakespeare features three major characters: Othello, Iago, and Desdemona. Othello, a black man, and Desdemona, a white venetian secretly eloped in the play. Iago shows racism and prejudice towards their relationship because of their skin colors. In the play, Iago says: Ã¢â¬Å"Even now, now, very now, an old black ram is tupping your white ewe. Arise, arise! Awake the snorting citizens with the bell, or else the devil will make a
Ethical Issues Quintell Turner Liberty University Ethical Issues Ethics plays a huge role in the counseling profession. The professionals that practice counseling whether group or individual must be very careful not to violate any of the ethics code because it could cause them to lose their career. Counselor and Therapist that work with groups setting have ethical standards that they must adhere to only a daily basis. There are several ethical issues that may present as barriers to counselors and therapist as well as the people that they serve.Whether it is in a group setting or in an individual setting, professional counselor and therapist must be careful staying within code of ethics. Group counseling can offer several relationships that assist individuals in growth and problem solving. Within group therapy, the participants are encouraged by the leader to discuss issues that may have brought them into therapy openly and honestly. Group leaders work hard to create an environment that is built from trust and acceptance and encourages participants to support one another. There are several codes of ethics that counselor must adhere to while leading group sessions. According to the ACA Code of Ethics, in a group setting, counselors take reasonable precautions to protect clients from physical, emotional, or psychological trauma. (A. 8. b. Protecting Clients) Counselors must lead a group in a professional manner and make sure that all participants understand that being respectful at all times. Counselor must also make sure that all members of the groups informed of confidentiality and that all information remains confidential within the group.According to ACA Code of Ethics (2005), in group work, counselors clearly explain the importance and parameters of confidentiality for the specific group being entered. Those are two of the most important codes of ethics that may present as an issue in a group setting as well as individual setting. Group leaders must also know that it is unethical for them to use techniques unless they are adequately trained to use the technique or they must be supervised by someone that is thoroughly trained to use the technique. Group counselor also needs to avoid from using a group to benefit for themselves ecause that can be unethical. The leader should lead the group and help the participant s with whatever situation they are going through instead of benefiting from group by drawing all the attention to themselves. Therapist may choose group counseling over individual counseling due to it may be beneficial for the client to interact with other individuals that may have some of the same issues that they are having. Group therapy allows clients to have opinions and diversity due to having other people around that may be going through something similar to them.Therapist may choose to do group therapy rather than individual therapy because they have the option to challenge the clients that they serve in a group setting rather than just study the clientÃ¢â¬â¢s problems. Individual counseling may cause problems with the client and therapist relationships. When attending or conducting individual counseling the client do not have others that may be able to get ideas from like in a group setting. Some counseling may chose group therapy because it may not seem as personal as individual counseling. The counselor in group settings do not have to cater to one client but have several that they have to wor k with. Leading a group sessions allows the counselor to participate in discussions that they engage in with the participants. There are opportunities for the groups to do exercises and get involvement from other members that are in the group to assist with dealing with their problems. Therapist that lead groups also lead by allowing the members to communicate and give each member involved the emotional support. Leading individual counseling sessions, the leader can build a trusting relationship which may have allowed the client to open up more.Clients that attend group sessions may take longer to open up and build trusting relationships slower than someone in a individual counseling session. There are several challenges and benefits of ethical small community practice. When a counselor or psychologist is practicing within a small community, they tend to treat clients that may know one another. In this situation counselor that practice in group and private sessions must make sure that they remain confidential at all times and not mistakenly share another personÃ¢â¬â¢s information while in a session with another client that may know that the particular clients is going through.Counselors that practice in small communities must always try to practice ethically and professionally by, also obtaining informed consent and making that the clients that they serve understand confidentiality and how all clientsÃ¢â¬â¢ records are kept privately. Counselors should also document thoroughly when dealing with clients and that may have relationships outside the therapy sessions and within the community. Counselor should set boundaries and expectations at the beginning of each session and let the client know what is expected as well as let the client tell the counselor what they expect from them. Self-monitoring does not end once an initial decision is made. It is an ongoing process to ensure that actions are in the best interest of clients as situations and factors change during the ongoing course of treatment. Ã¢â¬ (Gallardo, Haldeman, Helbok, Schank, 2010) Getting involved in continuing education may be beneficial for counselors, psychologist and therapist that practice in small community to stay on top of ethical training due to having to apply ethical techniques in small communities. A counselor that practice in small communities may have relationships that are classified as dual relationships. According to Jacobs (2012), dual relationships are relationships that exist in addition to the therapeutic relationship established between the leader and the members. This type of relationship needs to enter into with caution by both the group leader and the participant. A study was performed using 894 employees and their 222 immediate supervisors to test ethical leadership. The employees and their supervisors worked financial institution located in the United States.The participants were men and women of all ages on average of 27 for the employees and 36 for the supervisors. They were of all races including White, Hispanic, African American and Asian. All the participants that were selected had at least a high school diploma and worked for the company for at least 6 months in many different departments. The researchers collected data used in the research on two different occasions in a five week span from both the supervisors and employees. The researchers gave each participant a survey packet with a cover letter inviting them to participate in the research.The researchers explained to the participants using the cover letter the purpose of the study and what they hoped to accomplish by using them. The cover letter also ensured each participant that confidentiality would be used throughout the study. The participants were assured that all answers that were provided on the surveys would remain confidential and would not affect their employment. The participants were then informed that they will be receiving another survey in five weeks and stated that it was very important that the participants participated in both surveys. The surveys that the supervisors and employees received were different surveys and neither group knew what the other groups surveys were about. The supervisors were asked to complete a questionnaire that asked them questions regarding their own personalities that included agreeableness, conscientiousness, and neuroticism. They were also asked to give some of their personal information such as gender, age, and race. The employees were asked to rate their supervisors ethical leadership behavior as well as to give their personal information. The participants were given three days to complete the surveys.The next survey was given to the employees and the supervisors five weeks after they finished the first survey. The employees were given a survey to measure psychological safety and supervisors were asked to rate voice behavior. The supervisors were given the names of the employees in the groups. After all the data was collected and studied. The researchers found that, Ã¢â¬Å"the leader personality traits of agreeableness and conscientiousness were positively related to direct reportsÃ¢â¬â¢ ratings of the leaderÃ¢â¬â¢s ethical leadership, whereas neuroticism was unrelated to these ratings. (Schaubroeck, Walumbwa 2009) Ethical issues arise when researchers conduct research on economically disadvantaged and ethnic minority populations. There have been so many economically disadvantaged populations that have been exploited during researchers that have not followed any type of ethical guidelines. There are moral codes that should be put into place to protect research with humans that chose to participate in any type of research. There have been several studies performed using human participants that failed due to ethical issues and concerns. The participants were treated poorly by the researchers and not protected as they should under the code of ethics standards. Studies like the Tuskegee study in which the participants were treated poorly and not allowed to leave the study and get medical attention. Another study that failed due to ethical issues was the lead based paint study that did not advise the low income families the purpose of the study as well as the risk that their children may face with the lead based paint. These studies were all performed using disadvantaged individuals that were not advised of any ethical rights that they had as a participant.The participants that were selected in these researches were also uneducated and not know or understand their ethical rights if they were explained to them. When doing research on the economically disadvantaged and ethnic minority populations, researchers should follow the three basic ethical principles that The Belmont Report (National Commission, 1979) have set in place to protect human participants in research. The researchers should have respect for the people that they have chosen to participate in the research. They should give each participant the adequate amount of information and allow them to be able to make the decision on their own as to whether or not they want to participant in the research. The researchers should also follow the guide line of beneficence and make sure that the research that is being conducted will not harm the participant but act as a benefit to the participant. If there is any harm that can be done to a participant during a research they should be notified of the risk before the research is conducted.The researchers should also follow justice and ensure that each participant is treated fairly while participating in the research as well as be protected from any harm during the research. There should not be one group that is protected from harm while another is not protected during research. According to Knight, Roosa, and Umana-Taylor (2009), cultural competence is the biggest barrier to a researcherÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to conduct studies in an ethical manner with div erse populations. The researchers display a lack of understanding of the values, beliefs, and lifestyles of the ethnic minority or economically disadvantaged groups. Researchers need to understand the values and beliefs of all populations who they wish to study so that they can develop effective ways of recruiting participants to do research studies on. There are ethical issues that present as barriers in screening clergy or candidates for religious professions for denominations that exclude homosexual clergy. Due to the high number of problems with appointing people to positions within the church many denominations like Christian and Jewish have selected psychologist to come in and screen potential candidates for professions within the church.These denominations are relying on the psychologist to weed out candidates that have a history of pedophilia, alcoholism and substance abuse, and psychological traits or disorders and they may not be able to function as a member of clergy. Psychologists have ethical obligations that they must adhere to when screening applicants for these positions. The must be treat the applicant with dignity and respect. P sychologist must also be careful when conducting screening for denominations not to ban anyone from the position due to their sexual orientation. If a psychologist bar some due to their sexual orientation they would be violated the code of ethics as stated in Ethic Codes. According to Standard 3. 01 of the Ethics Code (APA, 2002) that prohibits psychologists from engaging in Ã¢â¬Å"unfair discrimination based on age, gender, gender identity, race, ethnicity, culture, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, disability, socioeconomic status, or any basis proscribed by law (p. 1064)Ã¢â¬ This may present as a issue when conducting screening for churches that may prohibit same sex orientation and can cause a the psychologist have a conflict within ethical code.Churches that bar professionals from clergy positions within the church may do so but are required to treat people with dignity and respect due to their ethical responsibility. When I led the discussion group session at my job it was the first time that I ever led a group. I feel that with the little experience that I had as a leader that I did well. I was well prepared and had a lot of knowledge about the information that we discussed in each session.I went over confidentiality with all the members of the group session and stressed the importance of not sharing information. After I started researching information on ethics, I felt that they with the lack of experience that I had as a leader that I did a great job with following the code of ethics. I still have a long ways to go to become an effective leader. Learning all the techniques that leaders should know when leading a group. Learning how to handle situations where there is conflict within the group would be a challenge for me because I do not like conflict.I also feel that learning and adhering to all the ethical codes would be challenging in some situations and as a counselor I would need to know how to avoid violating and ethical codes. I would also need to know how to handle situations that my ethics may be challenged by clients that I serve. I feel that I most of the ethics down but there are several that my happen that I may be unethical and not even aware of it. I would continue to be trained on ethics to make sure that any changes that are made I will be updated on.As a counselor I will educate the clients that I serve about their ethical responsibilities as well as my responsibilities as their counselor. All clientsÃ¢â¬â¢ needs to be informed of confidentiality during the initial meeting with counselor and some may need to be educated a little more than others on this topic. I will always make an effort to build a trusting relationship with the clients that I serve. I feel that building a trusting relationship will allow the client to open up and began the process of healing process. I know that some clients may not want to open up in the beginning but as they see others open up and share their stories they will begin to open up as well. As a group counselor I will use group exercises to participate with the clients in the group. According to Jacobs (2012) exercises can be used for the following reasons: to increase the comfort level, provide leader with useful information, generate discussions and focus the group, to shift the focus, deepen the focus, to provide opportunity for experiential learning, to provide fun and relaxation.Ethical issues present as barriers in counseling both individual and group sessions. Counselors have to be very careful while practicing and must remember to treat all the clients that they serve with dignity and respect. The counselors that practice in small communities must be careful and not break any forms of confidentiality and continue to be educated on ethical policies and confidentiality policies. Counselor that practice in smal l communities must also be willing to educate the people that they serve on confidentiality.
Monday, April 20, 2020
The Current State Of Affairs Regarding the Fourth Phase of the Tuscaloosa County School District Emergency Operations Plan in Alabama Student/parent information guide for Tuscaloosa county schools This student/parent guide by Hinton (2010) depicts that the Tuscaloosa county school district has laid down some systems that are already working. These include:Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Tuscaloosa County School District Emergency Operations Plan in Alabama specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Parent involvement policy: The school has incorporated a parent-involvement policy that accommodates parents as Ã¢â¬Ëfull partnersÃ¢â¬â¢ in all decisions made affecting their children and availing community resources aimed at boosting school programs, accommodating family practices, as well as enhancing the studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ well being. Insurance program; The school has an effective insurance program in place that is mandato ry for all students. The insurance covers are affordable and cater for all accidental injuries sustained in the premises, including those inflicted during athletics. Crisis management plan;- the school is assisted by community agencies, for instance the SheriffÃ¢â¬â¢s department, The emergency Management agency, among others to manage any perceived or real crises and to minimize any resultant adverse effects. Fire drills are conducted monthly within the school, with exit plans vividly displayed in all student-occupied rooms Tornado drills are also held almost quarterly, and in compliance with the Management Agency guidelines. A thunderstorm watch and warning guidelines are adhered to in accordance with the approved Emergency Management PlanAdvertising Looking for essay on education? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Criminal penalties; The school has effectively laid down rules and regulation to handle errant behavior like van dalism, possession of drugs, possession of illegal arms etc. This in essence lays down violence prevention strategies at the school. Address of Ã¢â¬ËSevere Weather information frequently asked questionsÃ¢â¬â¢ Hinton (2011) showcases some Ã¢â¬ËFrequently asked questionsÃ¢â¬â¢ on severe weather. This is another system set up by the school that is working. Its aim is to answer queries by concerned people on its preparedness for disasters attributed to adverse climatically changes. The school clarifies that it does not rely solely on TV for updates on changing weather but has other resources; and to prepare for the changes , its Central Office personnel keenly follow the weather forecasts which is broadcast via Ã¢â¬ËEmergency Alert Radio System, NOAA RadioÃ¢â¬â¢ and even through text messages several days beforehand. On occasions of severe whether (the actual days), updates are received via Ã¢â¬ËSouthern Linc. communications, media and storm spotters.Ã¢â¬â¢ On such days, any public transport is warned as such via Ã¢â¬ËVHF two-way radio.Ã¢â¬â¢ Areas needing improvement In my opinion, insurance policies should be spread to cover damage of student property caused by tornadoes, fires and other natural hazards; it is also important to put up constructions, preferably underground which cannot easily be damaged by natural disasters. I am also convinced that the school can go a long way offering fire and tornado drills beyond the schools to include neighboring communities who in most cases are also affected. Intensive training on the crisis management plan should also be all inclusive, that is the parents, students and communities too should be enlightened on this. Emergency plans goes way beyond weather changes to include violence in schools, as such sensitization should be done to all concerned to safeguard against crime and violence, and instead ethical and moral behavior should be taught and encouraged.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Tuscaloosa County School District Emergency Operations Plan in Alabama specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More References Hinton J.R. (2010).Tuscaloosa county school system: Severe weather information. Retrieved from www.tcss.net/Default.asp?PN=FAQSL=1Ã¢â¬ ¦. Hinton J.R. (2011). Student/ parent information guide for Tuscaloosa county schools. Retrieved from images.schoolinsites.com/SiSFiles/Schools/AL/Tuscaloosa This essay on Tuscaloosa County School District Emergency Operations Plan in Alabama was written and submitted by user Puff Adder to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.